Originally posted on Delving into History _ Periklis Deligiannis:

By  Periklis    Deligiannis


A  Thraco-Phrygian  helmet, characeristic of the pezetairoi (pikemen) of the Macedonian phalanx.



Spear-heads from 3rd-1st cent. BC Greece, probably originally parts of sarissae (the sarissa was the main weapon of the Macedonian phalanx).

The  Macedonian  phalanx  and  the  ‘manipula’  of  the  Roman  legion  were  the  two  most  successful  battle  formations  of  Antiquity.  The  Macedonian-type  phalanx  of  pikemen  (pezetairoi  in  Greek)  was  founded  by  Philip  II  of  Macedonia  in  the  mid-fourth  century  BC,  when  he  was  influenced  deeply  by  the  military  innovations  of  the  Athenian  general  Iphicrates  and  the  Theban  general  Epaminondas.  The  Macedonian-type  phalanx  had  a  great  course  in  history.  The  Macedonians  were  those  who  used  it  for  the  first  time,  and  then  bequeathed  it  to  the  Greek/Hellenistic  Kingdoms  that  finally  formed  after  the  disintegration  of  the  Empire  of  Alexander  the  Great.  Thus,  the  Macedonian-type  phalanx  was  used  by  the  Antigonid,  Lysimachid, …

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