Originally posted on Delving into History _ Periklis Deligiannis:

By  Periklis    Deligiannis

Thraco-Phrygian2

A  Thraco-Phrygian  helmet, characeristic of the pezetairoi (pikemen) of the Macedonian phalanx.

 

sarissa

Spear-heads from 3rd-1st cent. BC Greece, probably originally parts of sarissae (the sarissa was the main weapon of the Macedonian phalanx).

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The  Macedonian  phalanx  and  the  ‘manipula’  of  the  Roman  legion  were  the  two  most  successful  battle  formations  of  Antiquity.  The  Macedonian-type  phalanx  of  pikemen  (pezetairoi  in  Greek)  was  founded  by  Philip  II  of  Macedonia  in  the  mid-fourth  century  BC,  when  he  was  influenced  deeply  by  the  military  innovations  of  the  Athenian  general  Iphicrates  and  the  Theban  general  Epaminondas.  The  Macedonian-type  phalanx  had  a  great  course  in  history.  The  Macedonians  were  those  who  used  it  for  the  first  time,  and  then  bequeathed  it  to  the  Greek/Hellenistic  Kingdoms  that  finally  formed  after  the  disintegration  of  the  Empire  of  Alexander  the  Great.  Thus,  the  Macedonian-type  phalanx  was  used  by  the  Antigonid,  Lysimachid, …

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