Originally posted on Delving into History _ Periklis Deligiannis:
By Periklis Deligiannis
A Thraco-Phrygian helmet, characeristic of the pezetairoi (pikemen) of the Macedonian phalanx.
Spear-heads from 3rd-1st cent. BC Greece, probably originally parts of sarissae (the sarissa was the main weapon of the Macedonian phalanx).
The Macedonian phalanx and the ‘manipula’ of the Roman legion were the two most successful battle formations of Antiquity. The Macedonian-type phalanx of pikemen (pezetairoi in Greek) was founded by Philip II of Macedonia in the mid-fourth century BC, when he was influenced deeply by the military innovations of the Athenian general Iphicrates and the Theban general Epaminondas. The Macedonian-type phalanx had a great course in history. The Macedonians were those who used it for the first time, and then bequeathed it to the Greek/Hellenistic Kingdoms that finally formed after the disintegration of the Empire of Alexander the Great. Thus, the Macedonian-type phalanx was used by the Antigonid, Lysimachid, …
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