Seed genes could provide basis for affordable therapeutic drugs
Published: 26 July 2012
Queensland scientists are unlocking the benefits of a protein found in seeds of a spiky red fruit that could lead to the development of more affordable medicines made from plants.
The odd-looking seeds of the gac fruit contain a small protein called MCoTI-2 whose circular shape and resulting stability make it ideal as a basis for drugs.
However, producing such protein-based drugs with traditional synthetic methods is prohibitively expensive on a large scale.
Researchers from The University of Queensland’s Institute for Molecular Bioscience (IMB)and Harvard University (USA), led by IMB’s Dr Joshua Mylne and Professor David Craik, discovered the genes that produce MCoTI-2.
“Knowing how these genes, which we named TIPTOP, manufacture MCoTI-2 naturally in gac could allow us to co-opt this process and use it to grow protein-based drugs in plants,” Dr Mylne said.
“We’ve already moved the system to seeds of the model plant Arabidopsis, where it worked remarkably well.”
Plant production is cheap and seeds do not require specialised distribution channels, factors that make plant-grown drugs an attractive proposition, particularly for developing nations.
The world’s first drug manufactured inside plant cells was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in May this year, giving hope to researchers who are working towards manufacturing therapeutics in whole plants.
“The discovery is also interesting from a scientist’s point of view because it has given insight into some of the evolutionary ‘backflips’ genes can do to create bioactive peptides like MCoTI-2” Dr Mylne said.
UQ News (2012). Seed genes could provide basis for affordable therapeutic drugs University of Queensland, News
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