Fruit beetle (Cetoniinae) on litchi (Dr. At Schoeman)

Fruit beetle (Cetoniinae) on litchi (Dr. At Schoeman)

Collected from Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria
(click on the image to connect, or visit the Dept., through the provided link below)

CurrentBiology


Dung Beetles Use the Milky Way for Orientation

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
Current Biology, 24 January 2013

doi:10.1016/j.cub.2012.12.034

Report

Marie Dacke 1, 2, Emily Baird 1, Marcus Byrne 2, Clarke H. Scholtz 3 and Eric J. Warrant 1

1 Department of Biology, Lund University, 223 62 Lund, Sweden

2 School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits 2050, South Africa

3 Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa

Highlights

► African dung beetles orient to the starry sky to move along straight paths ► The beetles do not orientate to the individual stars, but to the Milky Way

Summary

When the moon is absent from the night sky, stars remain as celestial visual cues. Nonetheless, only birds, seals, and humans are known to use stars for orientation. African ball-rolling dung beetles exploit the sun, the moon, and the celestial polarization pattern to move along straight paths, away from the intense competition at the dung pile. Even on clear moonless nights, many beetles still manage to orientate along straight paths. This led us to hypothesize that dung beetles exploit the starry sky for orientation, a feat that has, to our knowledge, never been demonstrated in an insect. Here, we show that dung beetles transport their dung balls along straight paths under a starlit sky but lose this ability under overcast conditions. In a planetarium, the beetles orientate equally well when rolling under a full starlit sky as when only the Milky Way is present. The use of this bidirectional celestial cue for orientation has been proposed for vertebrates, spiders, and insects, but never proven. This finding represents the first convincing demonstration for the use of the starry sky for orientation in insects and provides the first documented use of the Milky Way for orientation in the animal kingdom.

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ResearchBlogging.org
Marie Dacke, Emily Baird, Marcus Byrne, Clarke H. Scholtz, & Eric J. Warrant (2013).
Dung Beetles Use the Milky Way for Orientation
Current Biology : doi:10.1016/j.cub.2012.12.034

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